## When do Students learn the 7 times table?

The 7 times table forms part of the Year 4 national curriculum in the UK (approx 8 years old).

By the end of Year 4, all students should know all their times tables 1-12 and in June 2020 students will be tested nationally for the first time with something called the “Multiplication Tables Check” (here’s a link to a lot of information on the MTC).

In Years 5 and 6, students will use this knowledge to approach problems in geometry, fractions,.., and of course in more difficult multiplication problems.

## What do students need to know before learning the 7 times table?

Before learning their 7 times table, students should know:

- how to add 7 to any number (year 1)
- the concept of multiplication (i.e. 3 groups of 7 objects)
- the 2, 3, and 5 times tables
- how to use manipulatives to workout a particular times table.

## How are times tables taught in schools now?

Learning times tables is one of the few things that most people remember from their schooling and those that possess a good knowledge will always proudly demonstrate it.

20 years ago, and still in a number of Asian countries, times tables are memorised by chanting and repeated testing.

Nowadays, teachers spend a lot of time making times tables fun to learn using games such as Times Tables with Emile, using songs and dance or involving other subjects (cross-curricular learning).

## Why is the 7 times table so difficult to learn?

Some believe that the 7 times table is the hardest to learn because 7 is a prime number and the numeric pattern isn’t quite as obvious as for other numbers.

There are no obvious patterns or quick tricks like for the 9 times table.

However, there is an easy way to help students remember 7 x 8 = 56. The answer to 7 x 8 is the two numbers that come before the numbers being multiplied (i.e. **5**, **6**, 7, 8).

## 7 Times Table Games?

A solid place to start is to get a student to complete an empty multiplication grid. It’s quite a useful exercise in its self to see where some students are struggling.

The grid could be selectively empty in the 7 row or column.

It can also be useful to remind children that they can reverse the order of a multiplication to make it an easier calculation.

Some students respond better to physical manipulatives. They can use coins, pasta shapes, marbles, matchsticks or cubes, anything that you have a lot of that look the same to build piles of 7 and investigate the 7 times table.

## 7 Times Table Rhyme*

Three candies each for seven days, that would be fun, 3 x 7 = 21

7 and 4 are running late, 7 x 4 = 28

7 and 5 went for a drive. Who’s in the back seat? It’s 35

I know now and you do too, that 6 x 7 is 42

7 x 7 has four straight lines, which will = 49

56=7 x 8 (5, 6, 7, 8)

9 and 7 climb a tree, 9 x 7 = 63

12 x 7, clean the floor, 12 x 7 = 84

*copyright unknown

## Times Table Facts

Always remember that there are only 12 x 12 (144) maths facts to learn for the national curriculum.

Once you remove the 1 and 10 times tables that leaves 102 maths facts.

Know your 2, 9 and 11 times tables and then there’s 60 maths facts left – fewer than half the 144.

The 7 times table is one of the hardest but a bit of hard work, patience and a growth mindset will lead to success.

Regular practise with Times Tables with Emile will lead to all your students knowing all their times tables in no time at all.